|Title:||Descent into ocean, Scandinavian Airlines System, McDonnell-Douglas DC-8-62, LN-M00, (Norwegian Registry) in Santa Monica Bay, Approximately 6 miles off Los Angeles International Airport, Los Angeles, California, January 13, 1969|
|Micro summary:||This McDonnell-Douglas DC-8-62 descended into the Pacific Ocean in controlled flight, on approach.|
|Event Time:||1969-01-13 at 1921 PST|
|Publishing Agency:||National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)|
|Site of event:||6 nm west of LAX|
|Departure:||Seattle-Tacoma International Airport, Seattle, Washington, USA|
|Destination:||Los Angeles International Airport, Los Angeles, California, USA|
|Airplane Type(s):||Douglas DC-8-62|
|Type of flight:||Revenue|
|Executive Summary:||A Scandinavian Airlines System, Douglas DC-8-62, LK-MOO, of Norwegian Registry, crashed in Santa Monica Bay, approximately 6 nautical miles west of the Los Angeles International Airport, Los Angeles, California, at approximately 1921 P.s .t., January 13, 1969. The aircraft was operating as Flight SK-933 from Seattle, Washington, to Los Angeles, California, following a flight from Copenhagen, Denmark, A scheduled crew change occurred at Seattle for the flight to Los Angeles.|
The accident occurred in the waters of Santa Monica Bay while the crew was attempting an instrument approach to Runway 07R at Los Angeles International Airport. Of the 45 persons aboard the aircraft, 3 passengers and 1 cabin attendant drowned; 9 passengers and 2 cabin attendants are missing and presumed dead; 11 passengers and 6 crewmembers including the captain, the second pilot, and the systems operator, were injured in varying degrees; and 13 passengers escaped without reported injury. The aircraft was destroyed by impact. The fuselage broke into three pieces, two of which sank in approximately 350 feet of water. The third section including the wings, the forward cabin and the cockpit, floated for about 20 hours before being towed into hallow water where it sank. This section was later recovered and removed from the water.
The weather at Los Angeles International Airport was generally: 1,700 feet broken, 3,500 feet overcast; visibility h miles in light rain and fog; wind 060° at 10 knots; and the altimeter setting was 29.87 inches of mercury The weather in the accident area was reported to be similar.
The Board determines that the probable cause of this accident was the lack of crew coordination and the inadequate monitoring of the aircraft position in space during a critical phase of an instrument approach which resulted in an unplanned descent into the water. Contributing to this unplanned descent was an apparent unsafe landing gear condition induced by the design of the landing gear indicator lights, and the omission of the minimum crossing altitude at an approach fix depicted, on the approach chart.
As a result of the investigation the Board developed recommendations concerning DC-8 failed indicator bulbs, altimeter setting procedures, and approach plate legends.
|Learning Keywords:||Operations - Charting/Databases|
|Operations - Crew Resource Management|
|Operations - Controlled Flight Into Terrain|
|Operations - Ditching/Water Evacuation|
|Operations - Evacuation|
|Operations - Unstabilized Approach|
|Consequence - Hull Loss|
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|In-Flight Engine Failure and Subsequent Ditching, Air Sunshine, Inc., Flight 527, Cessna 402C, N314AB, About 7.35 Nautical Miles West-Northwest of Treasure Cay Airport, Great Abaco Island, Bahamas, July 13, 2003|
|Fuel exhaustion, Overseas National Airways, Inc., Douglas DC-9, N935F, Operating As Antilliaanse Luchtvaart Maatschappij Flight 980, Near St. Croix, Virgin Islands, May 2, 1970|
|Ethiopian Airlines B767 (ET-AIZ) Aircraft Accident In the Federal Islamic Republic of the Comoros, in the Indian Ocean on November 23, 1996|
|Accidental ditching, Japan Airlines Co., Ltd., DC-8-62, JA8032, San Francisco Bay, San Francisco, California, November 22, 1968|
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