Event Details

Title:Runway excursion, Scandinavian Airlines System Flight 901, McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30, Norwegian Registry LN-RKB, John F. Kennedy International Airport Jamaica, New York, February 28, 1984
Micro summary:This DC-10 left the runway after landing long.
Event Time:1984-02-28 at 2118:41 EST
File Name:1984-02-28-US.pdf
Publishing Agency:National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)
Publishing Country:USA
Report number:NTSB-AAR-84-15
Site of event:JFK RWY 4R
Latitude/Longitude:N4038' W7346'
Departure:Oslo Airport, Gardermoen, Norway
Destination:John F. Kennedy International Airport, New York, USA
Airplane Type(s):McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30
Flight Phase:Landing
Type of flight:Revenue
Serious Injuries:12
Other Injuries:0
Executive Summary:On February 28, 1984, Scandinavian Airlines System Flight 901, a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30, was a regularly scheduled international passenger flight from Stockholm, Sweden, to New York City, New York, with an en route stop at Oslo, Norway.

Following an approach to runway 4 right at New York's John F. Kennedy International Airport, the airplane touched down about 4,700 ft (1,440 meters) beyond the threshold of the 8,400-foot (2,560-meter) runway and could not be stopped on the runway. The airplane was steered to the right to avoid the approach light pier at the departure end of the runway and came to rest in Thurston Basin, a tidal waterway located about 600 ft from the departure end of runway 4R. The 163 passengers and 14 crewmembers evacuated the airplane safely, but a few received minor injuries. The nose and lower forward fuselage sections, wing engines, flaps, and leading edge devices were substantially damaged at impact.

The weather was ceiling 200 ft overcast, 314-mile visibility, with light drizzle and fog. The temperature was 47F with the wind from 100 at 5 knots. The surface of the runway was wet, but there was no standing water.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines that the probable cause of this accident was the flightcrew's (a) disregard for prescribed procedures for monitoring and controlling of airspeed during the final stages of the approach, (b) decision to continue the landing rather than to execute a missed approach, and (c) overreliance on the autothrottle speed control system which had a history of recent malfunctions.
Learning Keywords:Operations - Runway Excursion
Operations - Unstabilized Approach
Systems - Autopilot/Autothrottle


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