Event Details

Title:Runway collision of Eastern Airlines Boeing 727, Flight 111 and Epps Air Service Beechcraft King Air A100, Atlanta Hartsfield International Airport, Atlanta, Georgia, January 18, 1990
Micro summary:This landing Boeing 727 overran a Beechcraft King Air A100, also landing, on the runway.
Event Time:1990-01-18 at 1904 EST
File Name:1990-01-18-US.pdf
Publishing Agency:National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)
Publishing Country:USA
Report number:NTSB-AAR-91-03
Site of event:Runway 26R, Atlanta Hartsfield
First AirplaneSecond Airplane
Departure:LaGuardia International Airport, New York, New York, USADekalb-Peachtree Airport, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Destination:Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, Atlanta, Georgia, USAHartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Airplane Type(s):Boeing 727-225ABeechcraft King Air A100
Flight Phase:LandingLanding
Operator(s):Eastern Air LinesEpps Air Service
Type of flight:RevenueRevenue
Serious Injuries:01
Other Injuries:00
Executive Summary:On January 18, 1990, about 1904, an Eastern Airlines Boeing 727, flight 111, while landing on the runway in night visual conditions, collided with an Epps Air Service Beechcraft King Air A100, N44UE, at the William B. Hartsfield International Airport, At1 anta, Georgia. The King Air had been cleared to land on runway 26 right ahead of the Eastern flight and was in its landing roll. It was struck from behind by the B-727, which had also been cleared to land on runway 26 right. The B-727 sustained substantial damage, but none of the 149 passengers or 8 crewmembers onboard were injured. The King Air was destroyed as a result of the collision. The pilot of the King Air sustained fatal injuries, and the copilot, the only other occupant, sustained severe injuries.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines that the probable causes of this accident were (1) the failure of the Federal Aviation Administration to provide air traffic control procedures that adequately take into consideration human performance factors such as those which resulted in the failure of the north local controller to detect the developing conflict between N44UE and EA 111, and (2) the failure of the north local controller to ensure the separation of arriving aircraft which were using the same runway.

Contributing to the accident was the failure of the north local controller to follow the prescribed procedure of issuing appropriate traffic information to EA 111, and failure of the north final controller and the radar monitor controller to issue timely speed reductions to maintain adequate separation between aircraft on final approach.

The safety issues raised in this report include:
o Air traffic controller procedures and compliance with requirements for final approach separation and clearance to land.

o Conspicuity of airplane lighting.

o Limitations of the "see and avoid" principle in the night landing, final approach environment.

o Effectiveness of airport surface detection equipment (ASDE) the Airport Movement Area Safety System (AMASS) and Airport Surface Traffic Automation (ASTA) to preclude similar runway incursion accidents.

As a result of this investigation, the Safety Board made five recommendations to the FAA intended to prevent runway incursion accidents.
Learning Keywords:Operations - Airspace - Air Traffic Control
Operations - Airspace - See & avoid
Operations - Runway Collision
Operations - Ground Collision
Operations - Runway Incursion
Other - Regulatory Oversight
Other - Workplace Culture or Management
Consequence - Damage - Airframe or fuselage
Close match:Ground collision, Final Report by the Aircraft Accident Investigation Bureau on the collision on the ground between Crossair AG AVRO RJ100, HB-IYX and TAM, Brazilian Airlines Airbus A330-200, PT-MVB on 27 December 2001, 19:39 UTC Zurich Airport
Runway Collision, United Express Flight 5925 and Beechcraft King Air A90, Quincy Municipal Airport, Quincy, Illinois, November 19, 1996
Runway Collision involving Trans World Airlines Flight 427 and Superior Aviation Cessna 441, Bridgeton, Missouri, November 22, 1994
Ground collision, Collision between KLM Boeing 747 PH-BUF and Pan Am boeing 747, N737PA at Los Rodeos (Tenerife Norte) on March 27, 1977
Runway Collision, Korean Air Lines, McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30, HL7339, Southcentral Air Piper PA-31-350, N35206, Anchorage, Alaska, December 23, 1983
Runway collision of USAir Flight 1493, Boeing 737 and Skywest Flight 5569 FairChild Metroliner, Los Angeles International Airport, Los Angeles, California, February 1, 1991


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