Event Details

Title:Landed short, Eastern Air Lines, Inc., Boeing 727-225, N8845E, John F. Kennedy International Airport, Jamaica, New York, June 24, 1975
Micro summary:This Boeing 727-225 collided with approach lighting when landing in a thunderstorm.
Event Time:1975-06-24 at 1605 EDT
File Name:1975-06-24-US.pdf
Publishing Agency:National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)
Publishing Country:USA
Report number:NTSB-AAR-1976-08
Site of event:Approach lights, runway 22L
Departure:New Orleans International Airport (Moisant Field), Kenner, Louisiana, USA
Destination:John F. Kennedy International Airport, New York, USA
Airplane Type(s):Boeing 727-225
Flight Phase:Landing
Operator(s):Eastern Air Lines
Type of flight:Revenue
Serious Injuries:0
Other Injuries:0
Executive Summary:About 1605 EDT on June 24, 1975, Eastern Air Lines Flight 66, a Boeing 727-225, crashed into the approach lights to runway 22L at the John F. Kennedy International Airport, Jamaica, New York. The aircraft was on an ILS approach to the runway through a very strong thunderstorm that was located astride the ILS localizer course. Of the 124 persons aboard, 113 died of injuries received in the crash. The aircraft was destroyed by impact and fire.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines that the probable cause of this accident was the aircraft's encounter'with adverse winds associated with a very strong thunderstorm located astride the ILS localizer course, which resulted in a high descent rate into the nonfrangible approach light towers. The flightcrew's delayed recognition and correction of the high descent rate were probably associated with their reliance upon visual cues rather than on flight instrument references. However, the adverse winds might have been too severe for a successful approach and landing even had they relied upon and responded rapidly to the indications' of the flight instruments.

Contributing to the accident was the continued use of runway 22L when it should have become evident to both air traffic control personnel and the flightcrew that a severe weather hazard existed along the approach path.
Learning Keywords:Operations - Airspace - Air Traffic Control
Operations - In-flight Collision with Ground Structure
Operations - Runway Underrun
Operations - Windshear or Microburst
Consequence - Hull Loss


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