Event Details

Title:Midair collision, Eastern Air Lines, Incorporated, McDonnel Douglas DC-9-31, N8943E, and a Cessna Model 206, N2110F, Raleigh-Durham Airport, Raleigh, North Carolina, December 4, 1971
Micro summary:A mid-air collision between a Douglas DC-9 and Cessna 206 results in the Cessna being impaled on the DC-9 landing gear until working free and falling vertically to the ground.
Event Time:1971-12-04 at 1346 EST
File Name:1971-12-04-US.pdf
Publishing Agency:National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)
Publishing Country:USA
Report number:NTSB-AAR-72-13
Site of event:Final Approach to Runway 5
First AirplaneSecond Airplane
Departure:Miami International Airport, Miami, Florida, USAUnknown
Destination:Raleigh-Durham International Airport, Morrisville, North Carolina, USARaleigh-Durham International Airport, Morrisville, North Carolina, USA
Airplane Type(s):Douglas DC-9Cessna Model 206
Flight Phase:ApproachApproach
Operator(s):Eastern Air LinesPrivate
Type of flight:RevenuePrivate
Serious Injuries:00
Other Injuries:00
Executive Summary:At approximately 1346 EST, December 4, 1971. an Eastern Air Lines DC-9, N8943E. and a Cessna 206, N2110F, collided in flight on the final approach to Runway 5, Raleigh-Durham Airport, Raleigh, North Carolina. Both aircraft were in communication with the Tower Control. The DC-9 landed safely with no injuries to the 23 passengers and four crewmembers. The Cessna crashed and burned on the airport. The pilot and the only passenger in the Cessna were fatally injured.

As a result of the collision, the Cessna became affixed to the landing gear of the DC-9. Both aircraft were aligned along their longitudinal axis with the main landing gear of the DC-9 impaled in the trailing edges of the wings of the Cessna. The Cessna was transported in this manner for several miles before it fell free and impacted in a near vertical attitude on the airport.

Probable Cause

The National Transportation Safety Board determines that the probable cause of this accident was the inadequacy of air traffic control facilities and services in the Raleigh-Durham terminal area. The Board further determines that the relative flightpaths of the two aircraft and the configurations physically limited each flightcrew's ability to see and avoid the other aircraft.
Learning Keywords:Operations - Airspace - Air Traffic Control
Operations - Airspace - Mid-Air Collision
Operations - Airspace - See & avoid
Consequence - Hull Loss
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