Event Details

Title:Tailstrike on landing, BAe 146-200, G-MANS
Micro summary:This BAe-146-200 experienced a tailstrike on landing.
Event Time:2003-03-30 at 1757 UTC
File Name:2003-03-30-UK.pdf
Publishing Agency:Aircraft Accident Investigation Board (AAIB)
Publishing Country:United Kingdom
Report number:EW/C2003/03/03
Site of event:Landing, Brussels Airport, Belgium
Destination:National Airport, Brussels, Belgium
Airplane Type(s):BAe 146-200
Flight Phase:Landing
Operator(s):BA Connect
Type of flight:Revenue
Serious Injuries:0
Other Injuries:0
Executive Summary:The flight crew stated that the aircraft was stabilised on the ILS approach to Runway 25L at thecorrect speed. The aircraft was fully configured for landing with 33 of flap selected and the landing gear down. The commander recalled that the N1 engine parameter was set to 53% whereas the first officer (FO) remembers it being about 50%. The weather was good with visibility greater than 10 km,no cloud below 5,000 feet and a steady surface wind, at the time of landing, from 330 at 13 kt.

The FO, who was the handling pilot, disengaged the autopilot at 215 feet agl and later deployed theairbrakes. The commander reported that the speed over the threshold was correct and that a flare was then initiated. Just prior to touchdown the FO considered that the rate of descent of the aircraft was higher than normal and, to counter this he selected a higher pitch attitude. The commander suspected that the rear of the fuselage then immediately struck the surface of the runway, with the main wheels and nose wheel touching down in turn. The speed at touchdown was reported as being 108 kt and it was estimated that the aircraft landed in the touchdown zone. The flight crew also reported that they heard the stall warning sound just before the aircraft touched down, and that it continued for a further two or three seconds. During the final stages of the approach the cabin crew had sensed the aircraft roll to the left just before touchdown and then land heavily. As the aircraft landed the crew felt a vibration through the airframe. The landing roll was completed without further incident and the aircraft was taxied on to its allocated stand and shut down. During an inspection of the aft end of the fuselage the commander discovered damage to the aircraft's tail bumper indicating that it had contacted the ground.

The aircraft's landing weight was calculated to be 31,000 kg, with an associated VREF of 108 kt. Themaximum landing weight was 36,740 kg. The CG was close to the middle of the permitted range.
Learning Keywords:Operations - Tailstrike
Consequence - Damage - Airframe or fuselage
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