|Title:||Aborted Takeoff Shortly after Liftoff, Trans World Airlines Flight 843 Lockheed L-1011, N11002, John F. Kennedy International Airport, Jamaica, New York, July 30, 1992|
|Micro summary:||This Lockheed L-1011 experienced an aborted takeoff after liftoff due to a stall warning, resulting in airframe loss.|
|Event Time:||1992-07-30 at 1741 EDT|
|Publishing Agency:||National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)|
|Diversion Airport:||John F. Kennedy International Airport, New York, New York, USA|
|Site of event:||JFK 13R|
|Departure:||John F. Kennedy International Airport, Jamaica, New York, USA|
|Destination:||Seattle-Tacoma International Airport, Seattle, Washington, USA|
|Airplane Type(s):||Lockheed L-1011|
|Operator(s):||Trans World Airlines|
|Type of flight:||Revenue|
|Diverted to:||John F. Kennedy International Airport, New York, New York, USA|
|Executive Summary:||On July 30, 1992, at 1741 eastern daylight time, Trans World Airlines scheduled passenger flight 843, an L-1011, N11002, experienced an aborted takeoff shortly after liftoff from John F. Kennedy International Airport, Jamaica, New York, en route to San Francisco International Airport, California. The airplane came to rest, upright and on fire, on grass-covered soil, about 290 feet to the left of the departure end of runway 13R. There were no fatalities among the 280 passengers on board the airplane, but there were 10 reported injuries that occurred during egress. The flight was operating under 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 121.|
The National Transportation Safety Board determines that the probable causes of this accident were design deficiencies in the stall warning system that permitted a defect to go undetected, the failure of TWA's maintenance program to correct a repetitive malfunction of the stall warning system, and inadequate crew coordination between the captain and first officer that resulted in their inappropriate response to a false stall warning.
The safety issues in this report focused on training and procedures for flightcrews in abnormal situations during the takeoff and initial climb phases of flight, flightcrew control responsibilities for all takeoffs, trend monitoring in airline maintenance and quality assurance programs, the failure of the stall warning system during ground or flight operations, and the location of an airport blast fence.
Recommendations concerning these issues were addressed to the Federal Aviation Administration and the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Also, as a result of the investigation of this accident, on March 8, 1993, the Safety Board issued safety recommendations to the Federal Aviation Administration that pertained to emergency exit windows, seatbelts in cockpit observer seats, and fire blocking materials.
|Learning Keywords:||Operations - Crew Resource Management|
|Operations - Maintenance|
|Operations - Rejected Takeoff after V1|
|Operations - Runway Excursion|
|Other - Airport Management|
|Other - Post-Crash Survivability|
|Consequence - Hull Loss|
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