|Title:||Runway excursion, Flying Tigers, Inc., Flight 2468, McDonnell Douglas DC8-63, N797FT, Chambers Field, Naval Air Station Norfolk, Virginia, October 25, 1983|
|Micro summary:||This McDonnell Douglas DC-8-63 landed long in windshear conditions, left the runway, and slid into a swamp.|
|Event Time:||1983-10-25 at 0909 EDT|
|Publishing Agency:||National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)|
|Site of event:||RWY 10|
|Departure:||John F. Kennedy International Airport, Jamaica, New York, USA|
|Destination:||Norfolk Naval Air Station (Chambers Field), Norfolk, VA, USA|
|Airplane Type(s):||Douglas DC-8-63|
|Type of flight:||Revenue|
|Executive Summary:||On October 25, 1983, Flying Tigers, Inc., Flight 2468, a McDonnell Douglas DC-8-63, N797FT, was operating as a ferry flight under 14 CFR Part 91 from John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK), New York, to Chambers Field, Naval Air Station (NAS) Norfolk, Virginia. A flightcrew of three and two company employees were onboard. Upon arrival at NAS Norfolk, Flight 2468 was to convert to a military charter flight under 14 CFR Part 121 to transport cargo to Keflavik, Iceland.|
The weather at Chambers Field was, in part, 200 feet scattered, ceiling 600 feet overcast, visibility 1 mile, moderate rain showers and fog, wind 360° 20 knots. Large portions of runway 10 were flooded with standing water 1/2 to 3/4 inch deep. The runway condition was not assessed by airport or air traffic personnel, and consequently, was not reported to the flightcrew of Flight 2468.
The captain flew the ground controlled approach (GCA) instrument approach about 15 knots above the proper reference speed to compensate for a pilot report of the existence of windshear near the runway threshold. The airplane crossed the threshold of runway 10 about 10 knots above reference speed and landed between 3,100 and 3,800 feet beyond the runway threshold. Runway 10 was 8,068 feet long. The flightcrew was unable to stop the airplane on the runway. At 0909, the airplane went off the side of the runway and slid into a swamp at the end of the runway. There were no injuries to the five occupants.
The National Transportation Safety Board determines that the probable cause of this accident was the flightcrew's mismanagement of the airplane's airspeed, resulting in an excessively long landing on a wet, partially flooded runway; mismanagement of thruster reversers; and hydroplaning. Contributing to this accident was the failure of airport management to identify, assess, and disseminate hazardous runway conditions warnings and the failure of air traffic controllers to inform the flightcrew that there was standing water on the runway.
|Learning Keywords:||Operations - Airspace - Air Traffic Control|
|Operations - Runway Excursion|
|Operations - Unstabilized Approach|
|Operations - Windshear or Microburst|
|Consequence - Damage - Airframe or fuselage|
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