Event Details

Title:Crashed short, National Airlines, Inc., B-727-235, N47MNA, Escambia Bay, Pensacola, Florida, May 8, 1978
Micro summary:This Boeing 727 crashed short while executing a surveillance radar approach.
Event Time:1978-05-08 at 2120 EDT
File Name:1978-05-08-US.pdf
Publishing Agency:National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)
Publishing Country:USA
Report number:NTSB-AAR-1978-13
Site of event:3 nmi from runway 25
Latitude/Longitude:N3029'8" W877'3"
Departure:Mobile Regional Airport, Mobile, Alabama, USA
Destination:Pensacola Regional Airport, Pensacola, Florida, USA
Airplane Type(s):Boeing 727-235
Flight Phase:Approach
Operator(s):National Airlines
Type of flight:Revenue
Serious Injuries:11
Other Injuries:0
Executive Summary:About 2120 CDT. Hay 8, 1978. National Airlines Flight 193, a Boeing 727-235, crashed into kscknbia Bay while executing a surveillance radar approach to runway 25 at Pensacola Regional Airport. The aircraft crashed about 3 mi from the east end of runway 25 and came to rest in about 12 feet of water. There were 52 passengers and a crew of 6 on board; 3 passengers were drowned.

The reported surface weather at Pensacola was, measured ceiling--400 ft overcast; surface visibility--6 m i in fog and haze; surface wind--190 at 7 kn.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines that the probable cause of this accident was the flightcrew's unprofessionally conducted nonprecision instrument approach. in that the captain and the crew failed to monitor the descent rate and altitude, and the first officer failed to provide the captain with required altitude and approach performance callouts. The crew failed to check and utilize all instruments available for altitude awareness, turned off the ground proximity warning system, and failed to configure the aircraft properly and in a timely manner for the approach.

Contributing to the accident was the radar controller's failure to provide advance notice of the start-descent point which accelerated the pace of the crew's cockpit activities after the passage of the final approach fix.
Learning Keywords:Operations - Airspace - Air Traffic Control
Operations - Airspace - Non-Precision Approach
Operations - Crew Resource Management
Operations - Controlled Flight Into Terrain
Operations - Unstabilized Approach
Systems - Flight Controls - Flap Configuration
Consequence - Hull Loss
Close match:Aircraft incident at Helsinki-Vantaa Airport, December 7, 1997, Finland
Late gear and flap selection, Boeing 767-200, N653US
Uncommanded pitch-up, Fokker F27-600 Friendship, G-CHNL
Loss of Pitch Control During Takeoff, Air Midwest Flight 5481, Raytheon (Beechcraft) 1900D, N233YV, Charlotte, North Carolina, January 8, 2003
Stall on takeoff, Bombardier CL-600-2B16 (CL-604), C-FTBZ , Mid-Continent Airport, Wichita, Kansas, October 10, 2000
Uncontrolled Impact With Terrain, Fine Airlines Flight 101, Douglas DC-8-61, N27UA, Miami, Florida, August 7, 1997
Wheels-up Landing, Continental Airlines Flight 1943, Douglas DC-9, N10556, Houston, Texas February 19, 1996
Crash on takeoff, Northwest Airlines, Inc., McDonnell Douglas DC-9-82, N312RC, Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, Romulus, Michigan, August 16, 1987
Runway excursion, United Air Lines, Inc., Boeing 727 QC, N7425U, Chicago O'Hare International Airport, Illinois, March 21, 1968
Flaps-up takeoff, Pan American World Airways, Inc., Boeing 707-321C, N799PA, Elmendorf Air Force Base, Anchorage, Alaska, December 26, 1968


Accident Reports on DVD, Copyright © 2006 by Flight Simulation Systems, LLC.  All Rights Reserved.
 All referenced trademarks are the property of their respective owners.