Event Details


Title:Tailstrike on landing, Boeing 757-200, June 5, 2001
Micro summary:This Boeing 757 encountered a tail strike on landing.
Event Time:2001-06-05 at 0805 EDT
File Name:2001-06-05-US.pdf
Publishing Agency:National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)
Publishing Country:USA
Report number:ATL01IA064
Pages:5
Site of event:Atlanta, GA
Departure:Jorge Chávez International Airport, Callao/Lima, Lima Metropolitan Area, Peru
Destination:Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Airplane Type(s):Boeing 757
Flight Phase:Landing
Registration(s):N750AT
Operator(s):Delta Air Lines
Type of flight:Revenue
Occupants:89
Fatalities:
Serious Injuries:
Minor/Non-Injured:89
Other Injuries:0
Executive Summary:

NTSB short summary:

The pilots improper landing flare that resulted in the tail section collision with the runway.

NTSB synopsis:

A Boeing 757, experienced a tail strike while landing at Hartsfield Atlanta International Airport, Atlanta, Georgia. On the landing flare, the tail of the airplane impacted the runway. No mechanical problems with the airplane were discovered during the airframe examination. Both pilots were given additional flight training and returned to normal duty.

NTSB factual narrative text:

On June 5, 2001, at approximately 0805 eastern daylight time, Delta flight 274, a Boeing 757, N750AT, experienced a tail strike while landing at Hartsfield Atlanta International Airport in Atlanta, Georgia. Flight 274 was operating under the provisions of 14 CFR Part 121 while on an instrument flight plan. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed at the time of the flight, and there were no injuries. The flight departed at 1210 and operated as a scheduled domestic passenger flight from Jorge Chavez International Airport in Lima, Peru.

According to the flight crew, there were two pilots, five flight attendants, and 82 revenue passengers on board flight 274. This leg of the flight was flown by the First Officer. The First Officer said, "When I made my walk around in Lima, I noticed a large number of crates that were prepared for loading onto the aircraft. This seemed unusual, especially in view of the fact we carried virtually no cargo on the trip from Atlanta. Since we were flying a B-757, rather than a B-767, which is more normally flown in our category, the Captain and I discussed the different flying characteristics of the B-757 and the need to take the B-757's tendency to pitch down somewhat abruptly following touchdown into account upon landing."

Upon arriving in Atlanta, the Captain recalled that the final approach and flare appeared normal. The Captain also noted, "At some point during the flare, the tail of the aircraft apparently contacted the runway, although it was not evident to us in the cockpit." While on the landing flare on runway 27R into Hartsfield Atlanta International Airport, the tail of the airplane collided with the ground.

Examination of the airplane revealed belly skin damage on the tail section aft of the drain mast. The aft pressure bulkhead showed buckles between S-29 left and S-29 right stringers. Buckles were also noted in the lower web of the aft pressure bulkhead.

Data recovered from the Flight Data Recorder revealed the airplane touchdown at 0805:35 at 110.25 knots and a pitch attitude of 10.37 degrees. Touchdown is based on the air/ground switch state change. The vertical acceleration spike (1.265 g's) at 0805:36.64 indicates the time of the tail strike. The max pitch angle (11.25 degrees) was recorded at 0805:37.05. The VREF airspeed for the airplane is 128 knots.

Both pilots were given additional flight training and returned to normal duty.
Learning Keywords:Operations - Tailstrike
Consequence - Damage - Airframe or fuselage
Close match:Tail strike during take-off, Boeing 747-412 9V-SMT, flight SQ286, Auckland International Airport 12 March 2003
Tailstrike on takeoff, Serious incident occurring on November 29, 2002 at Dortmund Airport involving a Boeing 737-800
Tailstrike on takeoff, Boeing 757-204, G-BYAO
Tailstrike on landing, Airbus A320, C-GTDK
Tailstrike on landing, BAe 146-200, G-MANS
Uncommanded pitch-up, Airbus A320-214, G-OOAR
Tailstrike on landing, Boeing 747-267B, TF-ATD
Tail scrape on takeoff, Boeing 737-3YO, G-BWJA, 19 May 1997
Tailstrike on landing, Boeing 727-200, N12305, 8 December 1999 at 1112 hrs
Landed short, Loftleidir Icelandic Airlines, Inc., Douglas DC-8-61, John F. Kennedy International Airport, Jamaica, New York, June 23, 1973
Crash on runway in windshear, Allegheny Airlines, Inc., Douglas DC-9, N994VJ, Philadelphia International Airport, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, June 23, 1976
Uncommanded roll, McDonnell Douglas MD-11F, June 2, 2002
Wake turbulence encounter between McDonnell Douglas MD-11 and Boeing 747, May 1, 1996
Bounced landing and tailstrike, McDonnell Douglas MD-11, November 4, 1994
Tailstrike during rejected takeoff, Airbus Industrie A300-600F, June 10, 2002
Tailstrike, Boeing 757-232, October 4, 1993
Tailstrike on landing, Boeing 757-24APF, December 25, 1994
Tailstrike on landing, Airbus A300-600R, February 6, 1997
Tailstrike on landing, McDonnell Douglas DC-9-82, June 16, 2002
Tail strike during go-around, Boeing 727-227, November 15, 1993
Tail strike on landing, Lockheed L-1011, May 9, 2000
Tail strike on takeoff, Boeing 747-128, December 28, 2001
Tail strike on landing, A300-600ER, July 15, 1999
Tail strike on landing from FMS error, McDonnell Douglas MD-11, November 11, 1998
Tail strike on landing, Boeing 757-251, September 9, 2002
Tail strike during go-around, McDonnell Douglas MD-11F, September 19, 2004
Severe windshear, McDonnell Douglas DC-9-82 (MD-82), June 5, 1996
Runway incursion, two Boeing 737s at DFW, August 16, 2001
Over-rotation on landing, Airbus A300-600, December 15, 1997
Over-rotation on landing and tail strike, Lockheed L-1011, August 25, 1996
Hard landing and tail strike, McDonnell Douglas DC-9-51, June 14, 2000
Hard landing, McDonnell Douglas MD-88, July 27, 1993
Tailstrike on landing, McDonnell Douglas MD-11, HL-737, May 25, 1996
Tailstrike during go-around, McDonnell Douglas MD-11, E-ICDK, June 21, 1997
Tail strike on take-off and aircraft pitch-up on final approach, Air Canada, Airbus 330-343 C-GHLM, Frankfurt/Main Airport, Germany, 14 June 2002

 




Accident Reports on DVD, Copyright © 2006 by Flight Simulation Systems, LLC.  All Rights Reserved.
 All referenced trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
www.fss.aero